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Archaeologists unearth antique glassworks from the Late Roman period.

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Archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) have uncovered Late Roman glassworks in Israel's Jezreel Valley.


Archaeologists discovered the ruins of ancient glass kilns that produced commercial quantities of raw glass around 1600 years ago as part of the Jezreel Valley Railway Project.


The glass was revered for its transparency and elegance throughout the Roman period, and it was employed in public buildings as windows, mosaics, and light fixtures, as well as bowls and drinking containers in most Roman residences. 


As a result, to meet consumer demand for glass, industrialized centers were required, with the glassworks in the Jezreel Valley being one such location.


The researchers discovered a sequence of kilns made up of firebox sections where kindling was burned at high temperatures and a chamber for melting raw materials (beach sand and salt) at 1200 degrees Celsius.


"This is a very important discovery with consequences for the history of the glass industry both in Israel and throughout the ancient world," said Yael Gorin-Rosen, head curator of the Glass Department at the Israel Antiquities Authority.


The 'Akko valley was famed for its superior quality sand, which was extremely appropriate for the making of glass, according to historical sources dating back to the Roman Empire."


According to a chemical examination of glass vessels from this time, several sites in Europe and the Mediterranean basin sourced glass products from this region, which supplied the rest of the Roman world.

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