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Film Production Stages. 3/n

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Film Production is a behemoth task. For every film you need meticulous planning and cost analysis, because we also don't have to forget as much as this is an art form, this is a business too!

Film production can broadly be divided into three stages -

1. Pre-Production ( ideation,screenplay storyboarding casting etc ) [ 2 - 9 Months ]

During pre production , idea is developed into a plot, plot into a summary and then summary into Screenplay. Though it is always not this linear and sometime while screenplay writing process idea can be changed/developed further which can take completely new form from you original idea.

Then while the screenplay is going on you have to firstly create a budget for the film consulting various producers/vendors, then assemble cast, crew , locations , equipment rentals for the film. Once you are done with this you have to start scheduling and storyboarding!

Storyboarding, also often called pre-visualisation is perhaps the most underrated step in the filmmaking process. After the screenplay is over, you start breakdown of script and shots. As a building is made with walls , which in turn made of bricks, film is similar to that - shot by shot we make a scene , multiple scenes make a sequence and sequence lined up make a film. So, Scene by scene you break the film and write down the shots with your DOP and ADs.

Scheduling more often then not breaks the spine of the producer. With proper scheduling done, a producer can save considerable sum of money, while a hapazardly scheduled film can make a producer bankrupt.

After finalising the schedule with cast and crew its time to get in the shooting floor!

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2. Production - ( principal photography ) [ 20 -90 Days ]

Filming is very tedious job where you need utmost concentration. Everyday is a fight with time. Also you have to keep in mind, every day of shoot is very costly because you will be renting out many equipments on a daily rent cost. Also you lead cast might not have free days of shoot if the shoot extends so also have to keep that in mind.

Everyday after the shoot your onset editor should back up the files atleast in 2 disks. It's a good practice if you watch the footages after the shoot because if some mistakes would have happened it can be corrected the next day. If you see the mistake after you have moved on from the location, it might be costly to recreate or wait for the location to get free. Cast and crew should be refrained from partying or staying up late because it might affect their performance the next day of shoot.

3. Post Production ( Editing , sound design , colour )

So now you have shot your film, are too tired even to see the footages again. Most directors often go directly to vacation mode after the filming is done. During this time editor(s) take multiple disks, line up the okay - take footages in your story structure sequence. Final cut of the film might take sometime because you have go back and forth in the edit so that you have the story told exactly as you wanted too.

Then the film goes for sound design where dialogues , ambient effects , FX are added to the film for the cinematic experience. While simultaneously, colouring of the film also is done.

If you are big budget feature you might go for theatre mix . By this time you also have to submit stills and clips for promotion/marketing .

By this time you might also have a release date finalised. Good luck waiting for that!

Aniruddh Adeshra

Screenwriter / Director