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Why Are Armenia And Azerbaijan Fighting? The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict Explained

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Heavy conflict between the forces of Azerbaijan and Armenia broke out on Sunday in the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh region, leaving the world baffled about the history of the military clash. Nagorno-Karabakh is a breakaway territory inside Azerbaijan, which is run by ethnic Armenians. The location has been a point of conflict between the two nations for several years, and the tensions have only escalated in recent times. Here is why Azerbaijan and Armenia are fighting over the region.


Beginning in the late 1980s, following the collapse of the great Soviet Union, Armenia and Azerbaijan have clashed on territorial grounds. When the Soviet broke up, the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh held a referendum that was boycotted by Azerbaijan. People were not allowed to choose which country they wanted to align with, and this thus prompted a war between ethnic Armenians and ethnic Azerbaijanis in the region. Armenia has recently accused neighboring Azerbaijan of attacking civilian settlements in Nagorno-Karabakh. And therefore it has entered into conflict with the central Asian nation.



Armenia and Azerbaijan are now on a verge of a full-fledged war, and several factors are to blame. Armenia has declared martial law and ordered its military to mobilize after a major "flare-up in violence" with Azerbaijan broke out over the disputed region. The face-off has already led to 16 deaths, and more than 100 injuries, and a lot more devastation is expected in the coming days. Nagorno-Karabakh authorities have reported shelling in the region’s capital of Stepanakert and the towns of Martakert and Martuni. Armenia’s claims of shooting down two Azerbaijani planes were recently debunked by the Azerbaijani media.


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